What are the natural wonders of Georgia? Discover and explore the Georgia wonders of nature and see which nature attraction is the best for the country, and which one beckons for a visit from travelers.
Georgia nature attractions include amazing national parks, mountains, caves, lakes and more. Look below and see some of the best nature attractions that Georgia, Europe has to offer. Travelers will be glad to explore the outdoors that Georgia has to offer visitors.
Vashlovani National Park
The Vashlovani National Park is situated in Georgia’s eastern portion. In 1935, it was established in order to preserve the unique shallow forests, while the area was expanded in April 2003 to 84.80 square kilometers or 32.74 square miles, making the entire park measure at a total of 251.14 square kilometers or 96.96 square miles. The park is 150 meters (492.13ft) above sea level and has usually dry climate, and massive area measuring to 35,053 hectares (86.49 acres).
The Vashlovani State Reserve is remarkable for its deciduous forests, bad-land-like desert areas, and semi-desert vegetation. It’s also known for its “Sharp Walls”, the great cliffs-of-the-canyons as well as the Alazani floodplains and forests. The protected areas of the park are situated in Dedoflistskaro district’s extreme eastern part, which includes the Vashlovani Nature Reserve, National Park, plus 3 Natural Monuments namely the Takhti-Tepa Mud Volcanoes, Eagle Gorge, and the Kaklisyure Alazani floodplain forest.
The tourist trail network allows hiking with marked and well-arranged hiking paths. Tourists will spot picnic grounds, camping sites, and bungalows along the routes. The entire park offers a lot of activities like hiking, biking, as well as cultural, geological, and educational tours.
Georgia Wonder of Nature: Lake Ritsa
This is one of Georgia’s deepest lakes, measuring at 116m (381 ft.) in depth and 950m (3,117 ft.) above sea level. The lake measures at 132 hectares (326 acres). Lake Ritsa is very rich in trout with an average yearly temperature of 7.8 degrees Celsius. During the winter season, the area is sometimes snowy, while always warm during the summer.
From an aerial view, the lake appears to be a deep bowl with mountains covered in woods. Its waters are somewhat turquoise-emerald contrary to the malachite-colored woods of the forests. Lake Ritsa lays among 3 big mountains namely the Mount Agapsta, Mount Pshegishkha, and Mount Atsetuk. Its overall azure smooth surface offers a unique, out-of-this-world beauty with a very harmonious surrounding.
Georgia Natural Wonder: Shkhara Mountain
Shkhara Mountain is Georgia’s highest point, found within the Svaneti region. It lies 55 miles or 88 kilometers north of Kutaisi, the nation’s second largest city. The mountain’s peak lies in the central portion of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range, and the third-highest summit in the Caucasus. It stands at 5,200 meters (17,060 ft.) above sea level.
Generally, Shkhara Mountain is the fourth-highest mountain in the whole of Europe, after Elbrus, Dychtau, and Koshtan mountains. Its slopes are glaciated heavily and are ideal for professional mountaineers. During summer, the climate changes fast, causing brief snowfalls and local thunderstorms. Strong winds blow throughout the mountain, especially on its peak.
Georgia Natura Attraction: Mount Kazbek
Mount Kazbek, on the other hand, is Georgia’s third-highest mountain, measuring at 5,033 meters (16,512 ft.) in height, while ranks as the 7th highest summit in Caucasus Mountain ranges. It is the most prominent feature of Stepantsminda as its summit lies directly in the town’s western portion. Its slopes are steep, although not very large glaciers, while its conic forms remain distinctive.
The entire region is very tectonically active because numerous, but small earthquakes occur at a regular interval. The mountain is also surrounded by an active geothermal or hot spring system. Experts say that Mount Kazbek is a potential active volcano that is sheathed with lava and built up of trachyte. Mount Kazbek’s base lies at 1,770 meters or 5,800 feet altitude, and one of the highest cones among the Kazbegi volcanic group.
Georgia Nature Attraction: Krubera Cave
Georgia’s Krubera Cave is the earth’s deepest cave ever discovered. It is situated within the Arabika Massif of Western Caucasus. The deepest explored point and its difference in elevation of Krubera Cave’s entrance is 2,197 meters or 7,208 feet. The 16,058-meter-long (52,684 ft.) cave system is made up of deep, vertical wells that are interconnected with passages. The deepest wells recorded were at 152m (499 ft.), 115m (377 ft.), and 110m (361 ft.) deep.
The cave’s narrow entrance starts at a 2,256m (7,402 ft.) height of the mountains, which is sometimes covered with deep layers of snow during winter. The cave is divided into the Main with a depth of 2,197m (7,208 ft.), and the Non-Kuybyshevskaya with a depth of 1,293m (4,242 ft.), according to a 2008 exploration. Water is very cold at 1 degree Celsius at a 100-meter (328 ft.) depth, while the air temperature is similar within the cave. Today, the Krubera Cave is a famous destination for tourists and researchers alike due to its one-of-a-kind scenery and the thrilling experience it brings.